Exploring Potential Future Career Fields in Environmental Science


The world is facing immense environmental challenges. Climate change, environmental degradation, and population growth are just a few of the issues that require sustainable solutions. The increased prevalence of these challenges and the growing desire to help address them has resulted in an increase in opportunities in the environmental science field. So, let’s explore the importance of environmental science and potential future career fields within this growing discipline if you happen to be considering a job to help save the planet!

The Growing Importance of Environmental Science

Environmental science is a multidisciplinary field that studies the natural environment and its interactions with human society. One of the focuses of environmental science is the sustainable management and conservation of natural resources.

As the world’s population continues to grow, the importance of environmental science becomes increasingly critical. Environmental scientists are at the forefront of developing solutions to the environmental challenges facing the world today.

Climate Change and its Impact on Society

One of the biggest environmental challenges facing the world today is climate change, with the impacts already being felt around the world. Climate change causes rising sea levels, more frequent and severe natural disasters, and changes in weather patterns that are affecting agriculture and food production.

Environmental scientists are crucial to understanding the science behind climate change and developing sustainable solutions to mitigate its impacts on society and the environment. Some of these scientists work on:

  • Developing sustainable energy solutions that reduce greenhouse gas emissions
  • Carbon capture and storage technologies that remove carbon dioxide (CO) from the atmosphere.
  • Developing technologies to reduce pollution from industry and transportation.
  • Creating conservation plans to protect endangered species and ecosystems. 
  • Developing sustainable water management practices to ensure water resources are being used efficiently and effectively.

These solutions can help slow the rate of climate change and reduce its impact on society. But environmental science doesn’t only help reduce climate change, it can also be a gateway for sustainable development for the future.

The Role of Environmental Science in Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is the practice of meeting the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Environmental scientists can work on developing sustainable practices in areas such as agriculture, forestry, and water management.

For example, environmental scientists can help develop sustainable agriculture practices that reduce reliance on harmful pesticides and fertilizers and increase soil health. They can also work on conservation plans to protect critical ecosystems and biodiversity.

Sustainable forestry practices can help reduce deforestation and promote reforestation, which can help mitigate the impacts of climate change and protect biodiversity. So, how do they address global environmental challenges?

Addressing Global Environmental Challenges

Environmental science is uniquely positioned to address global environmental challenges. Some of these challenges include:

  • Environmental pollution
  • Deforestation
  • Water scarcity
  • Loss of biodiversity

This is why environmental science is a critical field that is essential for addressing the environmental challenges facing the world today. Environmental scientists are at the forefront of developing sustainable solutions that will help ensure a healthy and prosperous future for generations to come.

But what exactly are the different career fields surrounding environmental science? Let’s get into this in a bit more detail.

The 10 Key Disciplines Within Environmental Science

Environmental science is a vast field that encompasses many disciplines. Each discipline contributes to our understanding of the natural world and helps us develop sustainable solutions for environmental challenges.

Below is a table with the 10 main disciplines within environmental science, what they do, and how they help the environment.

Career Fields 

What the Career Field Does

How the Career Field helps the Environment

Ecology Ecologists study the relationships between species and their environment, including how organisms interact with each other and with their physical surroundings.  They help understand how ecosystems can be protected and restored. 
Conservation Conservationists work to protect endangered species and ecosystems from threats such as habitat loss, pollution, and climate change.  They help preserve Earth’s biodiversity.
Environmental Policy  Environmental policy analysts develop policies and regulations to promote sustainable management of natural resources.  They protect the environment while allowing for economic growth.
Environmental Management  Environmental managers are responsible for implementing and enforcing environmental policies.  They work to ensure that natural resources are used in a sustainable and responsible way and that environmental impacts are minimized. 
Geologists  Geologists study the structure and composition of the Earth, as well as the processes that shape it, such as erosion, plate tectonics, and volcanic activity.  They help better understand the earth and what it’s made of. 
Meteorologists  Meteorologists study the Earth’s atmosphere and the processes that control weather and climate, such as air pressure, temperature, and precipitation. They help better understand the earth’s atmosphere and its patterns of behavior. 
Oceanography Oceanographers study the world’s oceans, including their physical properties, such as temperature and salinity, as well as the organisms that live in them. They help better understand the sea and the creatures in it. 
Environmental Engineering Environmental engineering is a discipline that applies engineering principles to the development of sustainable solutions for environmental challenges. They design and implement systems for treating wastewater and solid waste, and develop renewable energy sources. They help develop technologies to reduce pollution and conserve natural resources. 
Environmental Health Environmental health specialists study the effects of environmental exposures and other factors for the purposes of protecting human health.  They help identify and mitigate these risks through measures such as air and water quality monitoring, public education campaigns, and policy development. 
Toxicology Toxicologists study the impact of toxic substances on living organisms, including humans.  They help develop strategies assessing and minimizing exposure and treating toxic exposures when they occur.

5 Emerging Career Opportunities in Environmental Science

As the importance of environmental science continues to grow, so do the career opportunities within the field. Below are just a few of the emerging career opportunities in environmental science:


  1. Renewable Energy and Green Technology: Renewable energy and green technology are areas that are rapidly growing in importance. You can work on developing and implementing sustainable energy solutions such as wind, solar, and geothermal power.
  2. Climate Change Adaptation and Mitigation: Climate change adaptation and mitigation are crucial for reducing the impacts of climate change. You can work on developing strategies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapting to the impacts of a changing climate, such as sea level rise and extreme weather events.
  3. Environmental Data Analysis and Modeling: Environmental data analysis and modeling are important for understanding the complex interactions between the environment and human society. You can work on developing sophisticated models of environmental systems, such as climate models and ecosystem models, to better understand these interactions.
  4. Sustainable Agriculture and Food Systems: As the global population continues to grow, sustainable agriculture and food systems are becoming increasingly important. You can work on developing sustainable agricultural practices and food systems that are both environmentally friendly and economically viable.
  5. Environmental Education and Communication: Environmental education and communication are crucial for raising awareness about environmental issues and promoting sustainable practices. You can work on developing educational programs and communication strategies to promote sustainable practices in communities and organizations.

Final Thoughts on the Different Career Fields in Environmental Science

As we look to the future, there are many potential career fields within environmental science, ranging from renewable energy and green technology to sustainable agriculture and food systems. By working in the field of environmental science, individuals can make a meaningful contribution towards protecting the environment and creating a more sustainable future for all.